Homeless Liaison Toolkit (pdf)
|No Child Left Behind Law (pdf)|
|Title I, Fiscal Issues (Consolidating Funds in Schoolwide Programs)|
|LEA and School Improvement Guidance (pdf)|
|Parental Involvement Guidance (pdf)|
|Serving Preschool Children Guidance (pdf)|
Report Cards Guidance (pdf)
|Identifying Allocations Guidance (pdf)|
|ESEA Flexibility Waiver|
Program Purpose: Ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments.
Program Statute: Public Law 107-110 § 1003; § 1111-1127; § 1401-1432
Funding Source: Federal
Amount of Funding, FY12: $154,441,460
Title I, Part A - Improving Basic Programs Offered by Local Education Agencies
$147,471,822 Allocated to Local Education Agencies
$1,469,973 State Education Agency Administration
Title I, Part D - Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth who are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk
$953,445 Subpart 2 - Local Agency Programs
$4,546,220 School Support - School Improvement
Eligible Recipients: All districts meeting Title I criteria
Performance Measures: State Accountability System based on the Academic Performance Index, specifically in reading and mathematics, according to federal requirements.
Documented Evidence of Results: United States Department of Education Consolidated State Performance Report; United States Department of Education Student Achievement and School Accountability (SASA) Monitoring; District and site determination of Adequate Yearly Progress
Paraprofessionals can play important roles in improving student achievement in Title I schools where they can reinforce and augment a teacher's effort in the classroom. Unfortunately, studies indicate that paraprofessionals are used in many Title I schools for teaching and assisting in teaching when their educational backgrounds do not qualify them for such responsibilities. Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), requires that paraprofessionals meet higher standards of qualification, and ensures that students who need the most help receive instructional support only from qualified paraprofessionals.
For the purposes of Title I, Part A, a paraprofessional is an employee of an LEA who provides instructional support in a program supported with Title I, Part A funds.
"Paraprofessionals who provide instructional support," includes those who (1) provide one-on-one tutoring if such tutoring is scheduled at a time when a student would not otherwise receive instruction from a teacher, (2) assist with classroom management, such as by organizing instructional materials, (3) provide instructional assistance in a computer laboratory, (4) conduct parental involvement activities, (5) provide instructional support in a library or media center, (6) act as a translator, or (7) provide instructional support services under the direct supervision of a highly qualified teacher. [Title I, Section 119(g)(2)]
Because paraprofessionals provide instructional support, they should not be providing planned direct instruction, or introducing to students new skills, concepts or academic content.
A teacher aide/paraprofessional is an individual who assists students under the direction of a highly qualified teacher. The United States Department of Education (USDE) guidance defines a teacher's aide/paraprofessional as an employee who provides instructional support, by reinforcing a teacher's effect in the classroom, in a program supported with Title I, Part A funds.
|Designing Schoolwide Programs Guidance (pdf)||Schoolwide Program Guiding Questions (pdf)|
|Schoolwide Plan Template pdf | doc||Letter of Intent to Establish Schoolwide Program Fast-Track (pdf)|
|Annual Review Template pdf | doc||FY14-15 Schoolwide Program Video Conference Schedule (pdf)|
A Schoolwide program is a comprehensive reform strategy to upgrade the entire educational program in a Title I school; in effect, reaching all students, including those who are low-achieving. To be eligible for a Schoolwide program, schools must have a poverty level of at least 40%, unless a school has been identified by the State Education Agency as a Priority or Focus school. Title I Priority and Focus schools or Title I-eligible Priority and Focus schools that are not operating a Title I Schoolwide Program have the option to begin doing so immediately since the LEA or C³S will be implementing interventions consistent with the Turnaround Principles.
Title I funds are used to supplement the amount of funds or services that would, in the absence of Title I funds, be made available to the school. Funds may not be used to fund programs or activities mandated by state, local or Federal law; to fund programs that were paid for in previous years with state and/or local funds; or, to provide the same programs or activities offered at non-Title I schools or to students not identified for Title I in the district. A Schoolwide program at schools that have not been identified as Priority or Focus requires one year of planning and one comprehensive site plan for each Schoolwide site. The comprehensive Schoolwide plan must be reviewed and revised annually.
In a Targeted Assistance program, Title I funds are used to assist identified students in meeting the state's academic standards. To be eligible, districts must have a poverty level of at least 35% or be at or above the district average poverty level. In this type of program, Title I funds are used to implement programs for eligible students that would not be available in the absence of federal funds. Title I funds may not be used to fund programs or activities mandated by state local or Federal law; to fund programs that were paid for in previous years with state and or local funds; or to provide the same programs or activities offered at non-Title I schools or to students in the district whom are not identified for Title I.
Title I law requires that selection of Title I students be based on objective, uniformly applied criteria given to all students at each grade level and documented on a student selection worksheet. Listed below are specific points to keep in mind regarding the process of student selection:
In general, to supplement, not supplant means that Title I funds are used to implement programs and services that would not be available if it were not for these federal funds. In other words, if Title I funds were not available to do this activity, the district would not do it.
There is no one supplement, not supplant definition that applies to the whole No Child Left Behind Act. Rather, the supplement, not supplant requirements are spelled out in various parts of the Act and are often defined differently. For instance, the Title I section of NCLB states that federal Title I funds should only be used to supplement the funds that would, in absence of such federal funds, be made available from non-federal sources. Whereas, the Title V section of the law prevents school districts from shifting local, state, or other costs to Title V. In other words, the Title V supplement, not supplant language is stricter than the Title I supplement, not supplant language. School districts should make sure they fully understand the supplement, not supplant language of the federal program they are working with.
When determining whether a fiscal expenditure supplements and does not supplant, school districts must run these three tests:
Test I: Required
Is the program or activity that the district wants to fund required under state, local, or another federal law? If it is, then using Title I funds to pay for it is supplanting.
Test II: Equivalency
Were state or local funds used in the past to pay for this program or activity? If so, using Title I funds to pay for it is supplanting.
Test III: Non-Title I Programs
Are the same programs or activities being implemented in other schools that do not receive Title I funds or to other children that are not identified for Title I in Targeted Assistance programs and are these programs and activities being paid for with state or local funds? If yes, then using Title I funds to pay for them is supplanting.
If an expenditure does not pass any of the above tests, then it is presumed that Title I funds are supplanting state or local funds.
The supplement, not supplant requirement is a key regulation in NCLB. When school districts are monitored, the supplement, not supplant regulation is taken into consideration during this review. If the monitor determines that there has been a supplanting violation, the school district may have to repay Title I funds relating to this issue. In addition, violations of the supplement, not supplant requirement could affect a school district's future Title I allocations.
It is possible for a school district to have a particular expense that may look like supplanting, but in actuality, it is not. Districts in this scenario must be sure to provide adequate documentation. This documentation would need to prove how the three tests outlined above have been passed, including:
All public schools and districts receiving federal funds must ensure that services are provided to children and youth who are experiencing homelessness. To assist with these services, the law requires that school districts with non-Title I schools to set aside Title I funds to provide services comparable to those that are provided to children in Title I, Part A funded schools. These funds can also support educationally related services to children in shelters and other locations where homeless children may live. The services provided with these funds should support homeless students to succeed in school and to meet the academic achievement standards.
Comparable services do not necessarily mean the same services; however, these funds may also be used to provide services that are not ordinarily provided to other Title I students.
If your district has students who meet the definition of homelessness according to Title X, McKinney-Vento, listed below are some strategies on how you may use your Title I homeless set-aside funds and/or McKinney-Vento funds.
Because of a state mandate requiring every Oklahoma school district to offer full-day kindergarten for every child beginning with school year 2013-2014, in FY14 districts will no longer be able to use Title I, Part A funds to provide half-day kindergarten programs.
From Oklahoma Legislation §70-18-108:
"Beginning with the 2013-2014 school year, it shall be the duty of every school district in this state to provide and offer a full six-hour day of kindergarten free of tuition for every child residing in the district who attains the age of five (5) years on or before the first day of September during the school year kindergarten is offered.”