Calling it a significant step forward in combating illiteracy in Oklahoma, state schools Superintendent Janet Barresi today urged parents to make themselves aware of the third-grade reading law taking effect this school year. The measure, part of the Reading Sufficiency Act, designates that students who score Unsatisfactory in the reading assessment cannot be promoted to fourth grade until they can demonstrate what typically would be deemed a second-grade reading level or higher.
The third-grade reading law is aimed at curbing Oklahoma’s nearly 30-percent illiteracy rate. Oklahoma joins 10 states and the District of Columbia in establishing similar policy.
“We do no favors for students who are passed on to the next grade without having the most fundamental ability to read,” Barresi said. “The ability to read is a gateway to success in academics and in life. Reading isn’t just a subject, but the foundation of all learning.
“It is a tragedy when a child in our public schools cannot read. In tomorrow's world, the inability to read is a sentence to a lower quality of life. That won't happen on my watch. Oklahoma has great teachers who will help make this law succeed.”
She made her remarks in a Monday news conference at the Oklahoma State Capitol.
Education experts have noted that being unable to read at an appropriate grade level can lead to an array of other problems. According to the Annie E. Casey Foundation, 88 percent of 19-year-olds who could not read proficiently by third-grade are likely to drop out of high school. Seventy percent of U.S. prison inmates cannot read above a fourth-grade level.
The RSA is designed to ensure that third-graders are promoted to fourth grade with the reading skills necessary for the challenges of school and life.
Gov. Mary Fallin signed the third-grade reading amendment in 2011.
“The Reading Sufficiency Act will help make sure that Oklahoma children have the reading skills necessary for school, work and life,” she said. “The purpose of the third-grade reading law is to provide successful reading intervention for children who are struggling. We owe it to future generations of Oklahomans to end the cycle that perpetuates illiteracy and limits opportunities.”
“All learning, whether academic or technical, is predicated on the ability to read,” said Dr. Robert Sommers, Oklahoma Secretary of Education and Workforce Development. “The third-grade reading law guarantee assures all children can read and, in turn, learn. Reading is essential to success in school, in CareerTech programs, in higher education, and in the workplace. Nothing in education is more important than assuring every child can read. Without the ability to read, success in school and in the workplace is hampered severely.”
Under the law, schools are required to use benchmark assessments at the beginning of each year for students from kindergarten through third-grade to identify children at risk of retention for reading. Schools must implement individualized reading plans for these children, with parents required to be notified in writing about the intensive intervention.
Parents concerned about whether their child might be at risk should contact the child’s teacher.
To help ensure success for RSA, the OSDE is requesting $16 million in funding for the law.
To be promoted to fourth grade, third-graders need to score Limited Knowledge (typically a second-grade level), Proficient (typically a third-grade level) or higher on the reading portion of the Oklahoma Core Curriculum Test (OCCT).
Nevertheless, if a child scores Unsatisfactory, there are additional options to demonstrate basic reading skills, including a student portfolio and alternative assessment tests, (SAT 10, Iowa Test of Basic Skills, Terranova).
There are six good cause exemptions:
Approval of an exemption depends on whether the child’s teacher, principal and district superintendent all agree that he or she should be promoted to fourth grade.
Supporters of the higher expectations contend Oklahoma can ill afford to delay the reform.
“Reading is the most crucial skill we teach our young children and the foundation to all other learning, so it is important that by third grade, all students are at a basic proficiency,” said State Chamber of Oklahoma President and CEO Fred Morgan. “Now is not the time to delay education reform. The future of Oklahoma’s economy and its ability to compete in a global marketplace is at risk if deadlines are moved back in the name of political expediency.”
The policy has proven especially successful in Florida, which implemented the law during a time in which nearly one-third of its third-graders could not read.
In the years since Florida ended social promotion, the state’s illiteracy rate has been cut nearly in half, while retention rates have declined.
Brian Hunt, executive director of Stand for Children Oklahoma, said the education advocacy group is committed to advocating “for additional resources to ensure our teachers and schools have the tools they need to make certain students successfully make the transition from learning to read to reading to learn.
“But equally important is the power of a parent being their child’s strongest advocate. Keep the lines of communication open with your child’s teacher and principal.”
Barresi said the RSA will help children.
“If we fail to prepare children to read — especially as they move from third to fourth grade — we are stacking the deck against them,” she said.