Building Academic Vocabulary


Oklahoma Academic Vocabulary
Suggested Words and Terms

 

 


Page Contents


Power Point Presentations

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Vocabulary Lists

KindergartenFirst GradeSecond Grade | Third Grade | Fourth Grade | Fifth Grade

Sixth Grade | Seventh Grade | Eighth Grade | Personal Financial Literacy

English | Mathematics | Science | Social Studies

Spanish Translation (Oklahoma City schools) K-5 | 6-8 | 9-12

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Outside Links

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References and Resources

Book: Building Academic Vocabulary by Robert Marzano & Debra Pickering

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Vocabulary Lists K-5

Kindergarten
Game Cards

First Grade
Game Cards

Second Grade
Game Cards

Third Grade
Game Cards

Fourth Grade
Game Cards

Fifth Grade
Game Cards

Math
above
add
behind
below
beside
between
calendar
circle
clock
compare
count
fifth
first
fourth
graph
hour
left
length
measure
money
number
on
over
pattern
rectangle
right
second
shapes
sort – same/different
square
subtract
third
time
triangle
under
zero

Science
air
animal
cloud
color
day
earth
egg
float
flower
food
growth
insect
light
living
night
parent
plant
seasons (spring, summer,
   winter, fall)
seed
senses
shape
sink
soil
sort
water

Language Arts
alphabet
author
back cover
book
bottom
consonant
different
fairy tale
follow directions
front cover
letter
listening skill
lowercase
name
picture book
retell
rhyme
same
sight word
title
top
uppercase
vowel
words

Social Studies
American flag
career/employment basic
   needs
classroom
community
cooperate
customs
holiday
home
legends/folktales
language
money
national symbol
obey
Oklahoma
Oklahoma flag
property
respect                        
responsibility
rules
savings
school
state
town/city
transportation
United States
Math
addition
angle
backward/forward
chart
congruent
describe
digit
direction
equal
even
explain
foot
greater than
guess
half hour
inch
increasing pattern
less than
list
minus
minute
number line
numeral
odd
order
ordinal
plus
size
solve
subtraction
tallies
temperature
value
weight

Science
attract
camouflage
desert
freezing
gravity
liquid
magnet
magnifier
measure
moon
ocean
pull
push
safety
shelter
sky
solid
star
sun
thermometer

Language Arts
alphabetize
beginning consonant
blend
chapter
character
conversation
date (written form)
discuss
end
ending consonant
illustrate
language
long vowel
middle
noun
period
plural
poem
predict
punctuation
question (mark)
reread
sentence
setting
short vowel
singular
spelling
table of contents
title page
verb
vocabulary

Social Studies
Africa
Antarctica
Arctic Ocean
Asia
Atlantic Ocean
atlas
Australia
cardinal directions
city/urban
commemorative holidays
continent
encyclopedia
Europe
globe
Independence Day
Indian Ocean
map
neighborhood/community
North America
ocean/sea
Pacific Ocean
past/present/future
patriotic symbols/traditions
Pledge of Allegiance
rural/country
seasons
South America
Southern Ocean
Star Spangled Banner
timeline
trade
 
Math
addends
classify
decrease
difference
distance
estimate
fractions (halves, thirds,
   and fourths)
gallon
height
hexagon
hundreds
increase
model
numeric pattern
octagon
ones
pentagon
pint
place value
pound
quart
quarter hour
regroup
standard measures
sum
symmetry
table
tens
thermometer
volume
whole number

Science
behavior
characteristics
dissolve
distance
diversity of life
fuel
gas
graph
habitat
hibernation
larva
life cycle
natural resources
pattern
physical properties
planets
predator
predict
prehistoric
prey
scientist
shadow
SI units (meters, centimeters,
   degrees Celsius)
similarities/differences
space
texture

Language Arts
adjective
antonyms
apostrophe
base word
cause/effect
compound word
comprehension
conclusion
contraction
dictionary
fiction
fluent
folk tale
guide words
homonym/homophone
infer
informational text
main character
nonfiction
prefix
pronoun
purpose
quotation (mark)
sequencing
suffix
summarize
synonyms
thesaurus
topic
visualization

Social Studies
Appalachian Mountains
bank
barter
basic landform
biography
cash
citizenship
courage
credit card
cultural features
goods and services
Great Lakes region
gulf
history
honesty
landmark
literature
location
luxuries
Mississippi River
mountains
occupation
patriotism
plains
recreation
rivers
Rocky Mountains
title
weather


 
Math
algorithm
analog clock
area
array
bar graph
commutative property
coordinates
customary/standard
   measurement
data
denominator
density
digital clock
division
edge
face
factor
grid
horizontal
input
metric units (meter,
   centimeter, gram,
   kilogram)
multiple
multiplication
number sentence
numerator
ordered pairs
output
perimeter
pictograph
probability
product
rounding
three-dimensional
two-dimensional
vertex
vertical

Science
amphibians
balance
conservation
contract
dispersal
endangered
environment
expand
experiment
extinct
food chain
germinate
invertebrate
investigate
mammals
metamorphosis (complete
   and incomplete)
migrate
mixture
physical change
pollination
renewable/nonrenewable  
   resources
reptiles
rock
solution
sound
structures
traits
vertebrate
vibrations

Language Arts
abbreviation
adverb
biography
chapter headings
check for understanding
chronological order
conjunction
contemporary realistic
   fiction
context clues
declarative
encyclopedia
exclamatory
fact
glossary
historical fiction
imperative
index
inferences
interrogative
main idea
modern fantasy
multi-meaning words  
   (homonyms)
opinion
persuasion
possessive
revise
run-on sentences
story elements
subject
supporting details
theme


Social Studies
agriculture
borders
capital resources
climate
conflict
consumer
culture
distribution
economy
Equator
geographic features
geography
global
hemisphere
human resources
industry and manufacturing
latitude/parallels
longitude/meridians
map key/legend
natural resources
physical map
political map
population
Prime Meridian
producer
product
representative leaders
resources
scale
scarcity
suburban
thematic map
wants and needs
Math
acute angle
associative
axis
computation
dividend
divisor
elapsed time
equation
equivalent
expanded form (of a
   number)
expression
frequency table
hundredths
inequality symbols
intersecting
inverse operation
line graph
obtuse angle
parallel
perpendicular
prediction
quotient
reasonable
reflection
right angle
rotation
rule
standard form (of a
   number)
tenths
translation
variable

Science
adaptation
balance scale
classification
conductor
consumer
decomposer
deposition
direction
electrical circuit (open and
   closed)
electricity
erosion
evidence
force (pull/push)
fossils
friction
inherited traits
insulator
mineral
motion
organism
position
producer
reproduce
resistance
sediment
SI Prefixes (micro, milli,
   centi, kilo)
SI units (grams, meters,
   liters, degrees Celsius)
speed
stationary object
survival
weathering

Language Arts
almanac
analyze
appendix
audience
author’s purpose
character’s motive
compare/contrast
double negatives
drawing conclusions
evaluate
genre
hyperbole
legend
metaphor
myths
outline
paraphrase
persuasive
possessive nouns
prewrite
preface
proofread
publish
research
sentence fragment
simile
simple predicate
simple subject

Social Studies
almanacs
bay
canyon
city council
delta
economic specialization
entrepreneur
exports
global trade
governor
human system
immigrants
intermediate directions
land run
mayor
mesa
major metropolitan center
point of view/perspective
prairie
primary sources
region
relative location
rural
secondary sources
state capitol
state legislature
Trail of Tears
tributary
urban                      


 
Math
balanced
base
composite
deposit
distributive property
fair number cube
greatest common factor
   (GCF)
improper fractions
least common denominator
   (LCD)
least common multiples
   (LCM)
mean
metric prefixes (milli, centi,
   kilo)
mixed numbers
percent
plane
prime
proper fraction
range
ray
straight angle
thousandths
Venn diagram
withdraw

Science
acids/bases
atmosphere
axis
biome
chemical change
chemical properties
community
condensation
crater
decompose
dichotomous keys
earth’s layers (crust,
   mantle, core)
eclipse
energy (kinetic/potential)
environmental changes
   (human and nature)
evaporation
graduated cylinder
mass
matter
moon/lunar (phases)
observe
orbit
pollution
population
precipitation
revolution
rotation
Scientific Method
serial order
solar energy
Solar System
species
transfer of energy
Universe
weather

Language Arts
caption
character development
comparative adjective/adverbs
concluding paragraph
conflict
coordinating conjunctions
figurative language
free verse
generalization
idiom
interjections
introductory paragraph
minor character
onomatopoeia
parts of speech
poetic styles
reference source
resolution
rhythm
stereotypical
stress
superlative adjectives, adverbs
supporting ideas
text (structure)
transitional words
word origins

Social Studies
abolitionist
amendments
American Revolution
Articles of Confederation
basic freedoms
Bill of Rights
cause and effect
colony
compromise
Constitutional Convention
   and ratification
Declaration of
   Independence
democracy
executive branch
explorers
historical map
indentured servant
Industrial Revolution
judicial branch
legislative branch
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Louisiana Purchase
manifest destiny
mental mapping
mission
Native American/Indian
Preamble
Puritan
Quaker
religion
revolution
rights
slavery
supply and demand
taxes
topographic map
triangular trade
U. S. Constitution
westward expansion
women’s suffrage

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Sixth Grade  
Game Cards

Seventh Grade 
Game Cards

Eighth Grade
Game Cards

Personal Financial Literacy
Game Cards

Math
algebraic expression
base number
circumference
complement
convert
coordinate plane
diameter
evaluate
exponent
factorization
median
mode
non-terminating decimal
numerical expression
order of operations
pi
plane figure
prime factor
quadrilateral
radius
reciprocal
sequences (arithmetic, geometric,
   Fibonacci)
similarity
simplify
square units
substitution
supplement
terminating decimal


Science
amplitude
atmosphere (layers)
atoms
balanced/unbalanced forces
biosphere
carnivore
cells (cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm,
   nucleus, nuclear membrane, organelles, vacuole)
commensalism
conservation of energy
dependent variable
ecosystem
electric current
electrical energy
electromagnet
electromagnetic spectrum
energy pyramid
energy transformation
food web
forms of energy (heat, light, electricity,
   mechanical motion, sound)
frequency
geosphere
herbivore
hydrosphere
independent variable
magnetic field
mutualism
niche
parasitism
reflection
refraction
relative age
sedimentary rocks
technology
water cycle
wave
wave length


Language Arts
affix
analogy
appositive
author’s viewpoint
characterization
clause (dependent/independent)
dialect
graphic organizer
literal
mythology
narrative writing
phrases (adj., adv., prep.)
plagiarism
point of view (1st, 3rd limited, and 3rd
   omniscient)
predicate adjective
predicate nominative
propaganda
references (i.e., card catalogs, database,
   magazine, newspapers, dictionaries,
   and other reference books)
relevant/irrelevant
sentence structure (simple and
   compound)


Social Studies
absolute/relative location
artifacts
barter economy
Buddhism
caste system
Chinese civilization
Christianity
city states
command economy
constitutional monarchies
dictatorship
Egypt civilization
feudal system
Greek civilization
Hinduism
impact
Incan civilization
irrigation
Islam
Judaism
lake
market economy
Mayan civilization
migration
monarchy
nomadic
oligarchy
peninsula
physical regions
plateau
political
representative democracy
republic
Roman civilization
satellite-produced images
settlement patterns
Math
absolute value
acute triangle
alternate interior/exterior angles
bisector combinations
corresponding angles
discount
equilateral triangle
experimental probability
exponential notation
integer
interest
isosceles triangle
negative
obtuse triangle
outcome
parallelogram
permutations
polygon
positive
proportion
quadrant
radical sign
rate
ratio
regular polygon
rhombus
right triangle
scale factor
scalene triangle
square root
theoretical probability
transversal
trapezoid
unit rate
vertical angle


Science
aerobic
anaerobic
asexual reproduction
asteroids
carbon cycle
cell organelles (chloroplast, ribosome,
   mitochondria, vacuole, lysosome)
chromosome
climate
density
diffusion
gene
heredity
homeostasis
meiosis
mitosis
molecule
organ
organ system
organisms (multicellular and unicellular)
osmosis
photosynthesis
qualitative change
quantitative change
respiration
sexual reproduction (plant and animal)
species diversity
tissue
transpiration
transport
weather (conduction, convection)


Language Arts
assumption/assume
clause (adverb, introductory, etc.)
convention
description
exposition
expository
flashback
fluency
foreshadowing
imagery
interpretation
irony
nominative and objective
prose
types of poetry
types of sentences (complex)
viewpoint/opinion


Social Studies
acid rain
arable land
biome
climactic pattern/region
continental drift
cultural fusion
density
desertification
developed nations
developing nations
distribution of resources
diversity
drought
earthquake
ecosystem
elevation
emigrant
ethnic heritage
famine
flood
fossil fuel
GIS (Geographic Information System)
global warming
human modification/adaptation
hurricane
immigration
map projection
patterns
perspective
plate tectonics
policy
prevailing winds
processes
regional change
tectonic plate
tornado
tsunami
typhoon
urban sprawl/urbanization
volcano
weather phenomena
Math
adjacent angles
coefficient
constant
distance formula: d=rt
domain
formula
hypotenuse
lateral area
legs of a triangle
linear equation
linear inequality
Pythagorean theorem
range of a function
rational number
scatter plot
scientific notation
slope-intercept form
slope
solids (prisms, cones,cylinders,
   pyramids)
standard form (of a linear equation)
surface area
term
x-y intercepts


Science
abiotic
acceleration
biotic
chemical compound
chemical element
chemical energy
chemical reaction (Newton’s three laws
   of motion)
comets
constant velocity
continental drift
continental glaciation
control
crustal deformation
dispersal methods
DNA
dominant/recessive traits
elements
forces
hypothesis
inertia
landforms
Law of Conservation of Matter
monohybrid cross
net forces
Newton’s laws of motion
pH
plate tectonics
Punnett square
rock cycle
sedimentary/igneous/metamorphic rock
variables (independent, dependent)
volume


Language Arts
agreement (subject, verb, pronouns, etc.)
allusion
argument
bias
coherent order/coherence
counter argument/rebuttal
debate
derivation
dramatization
elaboration
gerund and gerund phrase
inference
infinitive and infinitive phrases
parallel structure
participial phrase and participles
persuasive writing techniques
sensory detail
synthesize
thesis statement


Social Studies
abolitionism
advantage/disadvantage
checks and balances
chronological
Civil War
“The Common Man”
consent of the governed
cotton/cotton gin
depression
due process
economic plan
federal government
federalism
finance
continental congresses
founding fathers
frontier
Gettysburg Address
Indian removal
inflation
Jacksonian Democracy
Monroe Doctrine
Northern states
nullification
plantation system
political parties
popular sovereignty
president
Presidential election
presidential impeachment and trial
propaganda
protective tariff
Reconstruction
reform movements
Second Great Awakening
separation of powers
social classes
Southern states
states’ rights debate
Supreme Court
territorial acquisition
three branches of government
trial by jury
union
utopian community
Grades 7-12
banking
bankruptcy
borrowing
budget
career
charitable giving
checking
consumer
costs and benefits
credit
debt
entrepreneurship
expenses
fraud
gambling
identity theft
income
inflation
insurance
interest
investing
loan
mortgage
online commerce
opportunity cost
renting
retirement
risk management
savings
scarcity
standard of living
supply and demand
taxes

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English
Game Cards

Mathematics
Game Cards

Science
Game Cards

Social Studies
Game Cards

English I
allegory
analysis
anecdote
antagonist
appeals
connotation
context credibility
data gathering
denotation
dialogue
epic
monologue
mood
personification
protagonist
sonnet
summary
tone
word choice


English II
archetype
complexities
consumer document
counterclaim
editorial
explicit
implicit
inconsistencies
lyric
paradox
parenthetical documentation
perspective
primary source
provocative
rhetoric
root
satire
secondary source
sentence fluency
stereotype
subgenre
voice


English III
aesthetic purpose
argumentation
ballad
clarity of meaning
literary analysis
MLA style
multimedia presentations
multiple points of view
reflective essay
resumes and applications
rhetorical purpose
structure of informational documents
study strategies
style
synthesis
textual evidence
 
Algebra I
absolute value function
ascending/descending
binomial
degree of a polynomial
difference of squares
elimination method (for solving a system
   of equations)
factor a polynomial
function notation
inequalities
intercepts (x & y)
irrational numbers
line of best fit
linear/nonlinear functions (exponential, 
   quadratic, absolute value)
linear systems
literal equations
monomial
parent graph (linear, absolute value,
   quadratic, constant)
polynomial
quadratic equation
quadratic formula
rate of change
rational expression
real numbers
relations
substitution method (for solving a system of   equations)
trinomial


Algebra II
arithmetic/geometric sequences
asymptotes
completing the square
complex numbers
composition
conic sections
conjugate (complex)
correlation
curve of best fit
delta
discriminant
functions (exponential, polynomial,  
   logarithmic, etc.)
imaginary
inverse function
logarithm
matrix
minimum/maximum (relative, absolute)
normal distribution curve (Gaussian)
parent function (exponential, polynomial,
   logarithmic)
radical equation
sigma
standard deviation
synthetic division
three-dimensional coordinate
transformation (algebraic)
variance
weighted averages
zero of a function


Geometry
altitude
angle of depresssion/elevation
angle relationships (complementary,  
   supplementary, etc., expressed
   algebraically)
arc (measurement, length, major, minor)
central angle
chord
conditional statements (converse,  
   inverse, contrapositives)
congruence
conjecture
construction (protractor, compass,
   straightedge)
convex/concave
corresponding parts
counterexample
deductive reasoning
distance formula:
   
Euclidean/non-Euclidean Geometry
inductive reasoning
inscribed angles and polygons   circumscribed
interior/exterior angles (of a figure)
lateral surface area
median of a triangle
midpoint formula
polyhedra
proof (formal, paragraph, flow, algebraic)
Pythagorean theorem – area model
reflexive, symmetric and transitive properties
secant line
tangent line
theorem/postulate/conjecture
total surface area
transformation (reflection, rotation,
   translation)
trigonometric ratio (sine, cosine, tangent)
 
Biology
allele
analogous
ATP
behavior (innate, learned)
biogeochemical cycle
biomolecules
carrying capacity
cellular respiration
DNA (replication, sequence, molecule)
enzyme
evolution
genes (encoding, expression, mutation)
genotype
heterozygous
homologous
homozygous
levels of organization (cell, tissue, organs,
   organ system, organism)
limiting factors
multicellular
mutation
nucleotide
pedigree
permeable
phenotype
phospholipids
population density
recessive trait
RNA
sex-linked trait
stimulus
symbiosis (mutualism, commensalism)
transport (active, passive)
tropism


Chemistry
atom (electron, proton, neutron)
atomic mass
atomic number
atomic theory
Avogadro’s Number
balanced equations (mass conservation)
bonding (ionic, polar covalent, nonpolar)
catalyst
chemical equations
chemical formulas
electron configuration
electronegativity
elements
endothermic
entropy
equilibrium
exothermic
gas laws
intermolecular forces
inversely proportional
ion (cation, anion)
Kinetic Theory
molar mass
molarity
mole
neutralization
oxidation
periodic table (families, periods)
proportional (directly, indirectly)
pure substance
reactant
reduction
solubility
stoichiometry
valence


Physical Science
atom (electron, proton, neutron)
atomic mass
atomic number
catalyst
chemical formulas
compound
conduction
conservation (mass, energy,  
   momentum)
convection currents
dilution
elements
equilibrium
fossil record
gas laws
geologic time scale
heterogeneous
homogeneous
ion
isotopes
kinetic energy
mixture (heterogeneous, homogeneous,
   suspension, colloid)
nuclear fusion
periodic table (families, periods)
potential energy
pure substance
radiation
solute
solvent
star life cycle
tectonic cycle
thermal energy
velocity
waves (electromagnetic, seismic, sound)


Physics
buoyancy
electromagnetic
fluid
gas laws
gravitation
inversely proportional
kinetic energy
magnitude
momentum
Ohm’s law (voltage, current, resistance)
potential energy
power
proportional
scalar
specific heat
thermodynamics
vectors
velocity
viscosity
work
 
Economics
aggregate demand
aggregate supply
borrow
business cycle
buyer
capitalism
command economy
competition
consumer price index
corporation
currency
deficit
deregulation
discount rate
economic system
entrepreneur
Federal Reserve
free enterprise
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Gross National Product (GNP)
inflation
interest
loan
macroeconomics
microeconomics
national debt
not-for-profit
opportunity cost
poverty
private property
private sector
profit
risk
save
self-interest
seller
services
shortages
socialism
socioeconomic
standard of living
stock market
surplus
unemployment


U.S. Government
Affirmative Action
appellate jurisdiction
bicameral
campaigning
census
civic duty/responsibility
civil liberties/rights
comparative government systems
constitutional law
constitutional origins/principles
Elastic Clause
equality
executive
expressed powers
gerrymandering
implied, inherent, and reserved powers
injunction
jurisdiction
landmark case
limited government
local government
majority rule
media
minority rights
naturalization
platform
political spectrum
politics
polling
power and authority
reapportionment
redistricting
republicanism
rule of law
sovereignty
special interests
unicameral


World Geography
atmosphere
bilingual
biosphere
cartograms
climograph
culture trait
economic interdependence
erosion
free trade
globalization
hydrosphere
indigenous
key landforms
landmass
lithosphere
microclimate
monotheism
movement
physical environment
place
polytheism
population pyramid
regionalization
silting
spatial distribution
thermal
topography
weathering


Oklahoma History
Archaic Indians
cattle industry
cultural perspectives
Dawes Commission
Dust Bowl
ethnic group
European explorers
First Kansas Colored Regiment
Five Tribes
geographic regions
Great Depression
Indian Territory
Jim Crow laws
land allotment
land distribution
Long Expedition
Mound Builders
oil boom and bust cycle
Oklahoma Territory
Paleo Indians
Plains Tribes
Populist Movement
Progressivism
race relations
river systems
The Kiowa Five
tourism
Tulsa Race Riot


U.S. History
anti-Semitism
appeasement
arms race
assimilation
Big Stick and Dollar diplomacy
blockade
Civil Rights Movement
Cold War
communism
constitutional amendments
counterculture
desegregation
discrimination
embargo
fascism
feminism
foreign policy
Gilded Age
Harlem Renaissance
Holocaust
imperialism
industrialization
isolationism
Jazz Age
Labor Movement
McCarthyism
monopolies
muckraker
nationalism
nativism
neutrality
New Deal
political machine
political scandals
progressivism and populism
Prohibition
reservation system
segregation
stock market crash
totalitarianism
United Nations
Women’s Liberation Movement
World War I
World War II


World History
absolute monarchy
Age of Exploration
Age of Enlightenment
ancient civilization
apartheid
aristocracy
atheism
Buddhism
capitalism
Christianity
civilization
Columbian Exchange
communism
Confucianism
Crusades
Daoism/Taoism
empire/imperialism
feudalism/Middle Ages
genocide/ethnic cleansing
Hellenism
hunter-gatherer
Islam
Judaism
labor union
Mediterranean region
Meiji Restoration
Mercantilism
Middle Passage
Militarism
Mongol conquests
Nationalism/unification
Paleolithic Era
proletariat
Reformation/Renaissance
religious fundamentalism
river valley civilizations
Romanticism
Shintoism
Socialism
terrorism
theocracy
tribal system
Vikings

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For More Information or to Share a Successful Vocabulary Lesson Contact: Phyllis Hartfiel, Director Language Arts Education
Office of Instruction, State Department of Education, (405) 522-3522

Last updated on March 12, 2012